New Testament Apocrypha Volume 1

General Introduction ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 9

1. The concepts: canon, testament, apocrypha 10

2. On the history of the New Testament canon 15

a) Canon catalogues: 34

1) The Canon Muratori 34

2) The catalogue in the Codex Claromontanus 37

3) The so-called Decretum Gelasianum 38

4) The Stichometry of Nicephorus 41

5) Catalogue of the Sixty canonical books 42

b) Testimonies of Church Fathers from the 3rd and 4th centuries: 43

1) Origen 43

2) Eusebius of Caesarea 47

3) Athanasius 49

3. New Testament apocrypha 50

4. The continuance and influence of the New Testament apocrypha 62

5. On the history of research into the apocryphal literature 66

A. GOSPELS: NON-BIBLIC AL MATERIAL ABOUT JESUS 77

Introduction ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 77

I. Isolated Sayings of the Lord (Otfried Hofius) 88

II. Fragments of Unknown Gospels ( Joachim Jeremias +

and Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 92

Introduction (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 92

1. Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 840 ( Joachim Jeremias t

and Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 94

2. Papyrus Egerton 2 (Joachim Jeremias +

and Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 96

3. Oxyrhynchus Papyrus 1224 ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 100

4. Papyrus Cairensis 10 735 (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 101

5. The so-called Fayyum Fragment (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 102

6. The Strasbourg Coptic Papyrus (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 103

Appendix: the ‘secret Gospel’ of Mark (H. Merkel) 106

in. The Coptic Gospel of Thomas ( Beate Blatz) 110

IV. Jewish-Christian Gospels (Philipp Vielhauer + and Georg Strecker) 134
Introduction: The Testimonies of the Early Church regarding
Jewish-Christian Gospels 135



1. The Gospel of the Nazareans 154

2. The Gospel of the Ebionites 166

3. The Gospel of the Hebrews 172

V. The Gospel of Philip ( Hans-Martin Schenke) 179

VI. The Gospel of the Egyptians ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 209

VIL The Gospel of Peter ( Christian Maurer and Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 216

Vm. Dialogues of the Redeemer 228

Introduction ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 228

1. The Book of Thomas ( Hans-Martin Schenke;

translated by Einar Thomassen) 232

2. The Freer Logion ( Joachim Jeremias t) 248

3. Epistula Apostolorum (C. Detlef G. Muller) 249

4. The Apocryphon of James ( Danlcwart Kirchner;

translated by Einar Thomassen) 285

5. The Dialogue of the Saviour ( Beate Blatz;

translated by Einar Thomassen) 300

6. The First Apocalypse of James (Wolf-Peter Funk) 313

7. The Second Apocalypse of James (Wolf-Peter Funk) 327

8. The Letter of Peter to Philip ( Hans-Gebhard Bethge) 342

IX. Other Gnostic Gospels and Related Literature

( Henri-Charles Puech t revised by Beate Blatz) 354

Preliminary Note ( Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 354

A. Gospels under general titles 356

1. The Gospel of the Four Heavenly Regions 356

2. The Gospel of Perfection 357

3. The Gospel of Truth 358

B. Gospels under the name of an Old Testament Figure 360

C. Gospels current, directly or indirectly, under the name of Jesus,

and similar works 361

1. The Sophia Jesu Christi 361

2. The Dialogue of the Redeemer (see p.300)

3. The Pistis Sophia 361

4. The two Books of Jeu 370

D. Gospels attributed to the Apostles as a group 374

1. The Gospel of the Twelve (or: of the Twelve Apostles) 374

2. The (Kukean) Gospel of the Twelve 375

3. The Memoria Apostolorum 376

4. The (Manichean) Gospel of the Twelve Apostles 378

5. The Gospel of the Seventy 380

6. Other ‘Gospels of the Twelve Apostles’ 381

E. Gospels under the name of an Apostle 382

1. The Gospel of Philip (see p. 179)

2. The Coptic Gospel of Thomas (see p. 110)

3. The Book of Thomas (see p. 232)

4. The Gospel according to Matthias.

The Traditions of Matthias 382



5. The Gospel of Judas 386

6. The Apocryphon of John 387

7. Fragments of a Dialogue between John and Jesus 388

8. The Apocryphon of James (Apocryphon Jacobi) (see p. 285)

9. The Gospel of Bartholomew (see p. 537)

F. Gospels under the names of holy women 390

1. The Questions of Mary 390

2. The Gospel of Mary 391

3. The ‘Genna Marias’ 395

G. Gospels attributed to an arch-heretic 397

1. The Gospel of Cerinthus 397

2. The Gospel of Basilides 397

3. The Gospel of Marcion 399

4. The Gospel of Apelles 399

5. The Gospel of Bardesanes 400

6. The Gospel of Mani 401

Appendix 411

H. Gospels under the Names of their Users 413

X. Infancy Gospels (Oscar Cullmann) 414

General Introduction 414

I. The Protevangelium of James 421

2. The Infancy Story of Thomas 439

3. Gnostic Legends 453

4. Later Infancy Gospels 456

A) Extracts from the Arabic Infancy Gospel 460

a) Legends of the child Jesus in Egypt 460

b) The children who were changed into goats 461

B) Extracts from the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew 462

a) Ox and ass at the manger 462

b) Legends of the child Jesus in Egypt 462

C) Extract from the Latin Infancy Gospel in the Arundel

Manuscript 466

D) Extract from the Life of John according to Serapion 467

XI. The Relatives of Jesus (Wolfgang A. Bienert) 470

XII. The Work and Sufferings of Jesus 489

1. The Witness of Josephus ( Testimonium Flavianum)

(' Wolfgang A. Bienert) 489

2. The Abgar Legend ( Han J.W.Drijvers) 492

3. The Gospel of Nicodemus. Acts of Pilate and Christ’s Descent

into Hell (Felix Scheidweiler +) 501

4. The Gospel of Bartholomew (Felix Scheidweiler t

/ Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 537

Introduction (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 537

a) The Questions of Bartholomew (Felix Scheidweiler +

/ Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 539

b) Coptic Bartholomew Texts (Wilhelm Schneemelcher) 553

5. The Gospel of Gamaliel (M.-A. van den Oudenrijn t) 558

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