• Pastor Tex Echols

    by Published on 08-27-2012 04:20 PM
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    2. Satan-El,
    3. NT Apocrypha
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    The Gospel of Bartholomew

    From "The Apocryphal New Testament"
    M. R. James-Translation and Notes
    Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1924

    Introduction by M. R. James

    Jerome, in the prologue to his Commentary on Matthew, mentions a number of apocryphal Gospels -those according to the Egyptians, Thomas, Matthias, Bartholomew, the Twelve, Basilides, and Apelles: probably he depends upon Origen, for he himself disliked and avoided apocryphal books, with few exceptions; the Gospel according to the Hebrews, for instance, he hardly reckoned as apocryphal. Of this Gospel of Bartholomew we have no sort of description: we find it condemned in the Gelasian Decree, which may mean either that the compiler of the Decree knew a book of that name, or that he took it on trust from Jerome. In the pseudo-Dionysian writings two sentences are quoted from 'the divine Bartholomew,' and a third has just been brought to light from the kindred 'book of Hierotheus'. But one cannot be sure that these writers are quoting real books.

    We have, however, a writing attributed to Bartholomew which attained some popularity; the manuscripts do not call it a Gospel, but the Questions of Bartholomew. It contains ancient elements, and I think that MM. Wilmart and Tisserant have made out their claim that it at least represents the old Gospel. I therefore give a translation of it here.

    It exists in three languages, and not, apparently, in a very original form in any of them: Greek is the original language, of which we have two manuscripts, at Vienna and Jerusalem; Latin 1, consisting of two leaves of extracts, of the ninth century; Latin 2, complete: see below; Slavonic (i-iv. 15). The Greek text may be as old as the fifth century; the Latin 2 of the sixth or seventh.

    In the Revue Biblique for 1913 the Latin fragments and a fresh Greek text were published by MM. Wilmart and Tisserant, with the variants of the other authorities and in 1921-2 yet another text, a complete Latin one, appeared in the same periodical, edited by Professor Moricca from a manuscript in the Casanatensian library at Rome in which the text is, in parts, tremendously expanded. This copy is of the eleventh century and came from the monastery of Monte Amiata. The Latin is exceedingly incorrect, and there are many corruptions, and interpolations which extend to whole pages of closely printed text. I cite it as Lat. 2.

    I take the Greek and Slavonic, where they exist, as the basis of my version, and add some passages from the Latin. The main topics, common to two or more of the texts, are:

    i. The descent ...
    by Published on 01-08-2012 07:15 PM
    1. Categories:
    2. Pseudepigrapha,
    3. OT Apocrypha

    CHAP. II.

    Joseph is the victim of many plots by the wicked ingenuity of the Memphian woman. For an interesting prophetic parable, see Verses 73-74.

    YE see, therefore, my children, how great things patience worketh, and prayer with fasting.

    2 So ye too, if ye follow after chastity and purity with patience and prayer, with fasting in humility of heart, the Lord will dwell among you because He loveth chastity.

    3 And wheresoever the Most High dwelleth, even though envy, or slavery, or slander befalleth a man, the Lord who dwelleth in him, for the sake of his chastity not only delivereth him from evil, but also exalteth him even as me.

    4 For in every way the man is lifted up, whether in deed, or in word, or in thought.

    5 My brethren knew how my father loved me, and yet I did not exalt myself in my mind: although I was a child, I had the fear of God in my heart; for I knew that all things would pass away.

    6 And I did not raise myself against them with evil intent, but I honoured my brethren; and out of respect for them, even when ...
    by Published on 01-08-2012 07:14 PM
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    2. Pseudepigrapha,
    3. OT Apocrypha

    THE TESTAMENT OF JOSEPH
    The Eleventh Son of Jacob and Rachel.

    CHAP. I.

    Joseph, the eleventh son of Jacob and Rachel, the beautiful and beloved. His struggle against the Egyptian temptress.

    THE copy of the Testament of Joseph.

    2 When he was about to die he called his sons and his brethren together, and said to them:--

    3 My brethren and my children, hearken to Joseph the beloved of Israel; give ear, my sons, unto your father.

    4 I have seen in my life envy and death, yet I went not astray, but persevered in the truth--of the Lord.

    5 These my brethren hated me, but the Lord loved me:

    6 They wished to slay me, but the God of my fathers guarded me:

    7 They let me down into a pit, and the Most High brought me up again.

    8 I was sold into slavery, and the Lord of all made me free:

    9 I was taken into captivity, and His strong hand succoured me.

    10 I was beset with hunger, and the Lord Himself nourished me.

    11 I was alone, ...
    by Published on 01-08-2012 07:13 PM
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    2. Pseudepigrapha,
    3. OT Apocrypha

    CHAP. II.

    Verse 3 contains a striking example of the homeliness--yet vividness of the figures of speech of these ancient patriarchs.

    AND do ye, my children, flee evil-doing, envy, and hatred of brethren, and cleave to goodness and love.

    2 He that hath a pure mind in love, looketh not after a woman with a view to fornication; for he hath no defilement in his heart, because the Spirit of God resteth upon him.

    3 For as the sun is not defiled by shining on dung and mire, but ...
    by Published on 01-08-2012 07:12 PM
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    2. Pseudepigrapha,
    3. OT Apocrypha

    THE TESTAMENT OF BENJAMIN
    The Twelfth Son of Jacob and Rachel.

    CHAP. I.

    Benjamin, the twelfth son of Jacob and Rachel, the baby of the family, turns philosopher and philanthropist.

    THE copy of the words of Benjamin, which he commanded his sons to observe, after he had lived a hundred and twenty-five years.

    2 And he kissed them, and said: As Isaac was born to Abraham in his old age, so also was I to Jacob.

    3 And since Rachel my mother died in giving me birth, I had no milk; therefore I was suckled by Bilhah her handmaid.

    4 For Rachel remained barren for twelve years after she had borne Joseph; and she prayed ...
    by Published on 01-06-2012 02:49 PM
    1. Categories:
    2. Flavius Josephus

    Antiquities of the Jews - Book XX

    CONTAINING THE INTERVAL OF TWENTY-TWO YEARS.
    FROM FADUS THE PROCURATOR ...
    by Published on 01-06-2012 02:48 PM
    1. Categories:
    2. Flavius Josephus

    Antiquities of the Jews - Book XIX

    CONTAINING THE INTERVAL OF THREE YEARS AND A HALF.
    FROM THE DEPARTURE ...
    by Published on 01-06-2012 02:47 PM
    1. Categories:
    2. Flavius Josephus

    Antiquities of the Jews - Book XVIII

    CONTAINING THE INTERVAL OF THIRTY-TWO YEARS.

    FROM THE BANISHMENT ...
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